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31 Jan 2015
The Temple Of Heaven

1. Although the Temple of Heaven was not built before 15th Century, the site has been employed for religious rituals because the Zhou Dynasty(1122BC-256BC).

2. In addition to building separate Temples of Heaven and Earth, Emperor Jiajing also commissioned the Temple with the Sun ( Ritan Park ) within the east of the city, and also the Temple of Moon(Yuetan Park ) in the western world. The emperor usedx to worship the God of the Sun at Ritan at the spring equinox and the God from the Moon at Yuetan around the autumn equinox.

3. The Qinian hall ws built without using a single nail and it has 50.000 bulue glazed tiles. The pillars inside the Dragon Fountain were refurbished in 1740 using wood from US state , Oregon , after having a lighting strike had damaged the structure.

4. Like many a stroppy film star since thenm nobody was allowed to look directly in the Emperors. Through the annual procession from the Forbidden City towards the Temple of Heaven to execute winter months solstice rites, everyone was ordered to keep indoors behind shuttered widows. No commoner had entered the park until October 1912, if the gates were thrown open to celebrate the Republic or China 's first National Day.
heaven memorial

5. Between its completion in 1424 and the end with the Qing Dynasty in 1911. 22emperors made 654 sacrifices to heaven inside the Temple of Heaven .

ARGUABLY Certainly one of BEIJING'S finest parks, the 267 hectare Temple of Heaven Park, is situated 2km south of Tian'anmen Square . Athe who's was built, the Temple of Heaven was referred to as Temple of Heaven and Earth and it was utilized to offer sacrifices to Heaven around the winter solstice and also to Earth about the summer solstice.

Design with the park reflects the dual nature of its original role and the thought that it was the meeting location of Heaven and Earth. The traditional Chinese believed that 'heaven is round and the earth is square'. That's why the northern fringe of the park is semi -circular and the southern end is square . These same principles were also placed on the buildings within the park: Round temple halls sit atop square bases, as heaven is more than the planet earth below. pemakaman heaven

The Temple is divided into inner and outer parts. The temple's main buildings--The Alatr of Heaven (Yuan qiutan), Imperial Vault of Heaver (Huang qiongyu) and Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest(Qinian dian)--all lie along the north-south middle axis type of the interior part.

The Altar of Heaven contains three layere white marble terraces representing (bottom to top) heaven, earth and man, Integrated 1530. it was here through the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911) that emperors would offier animal sacrifices to heaven, each year around the 15th day's the 1st lunar month and on winter months solstice. To hope permanently harvests.

In 1530, Emperor Jiaqing thought it safer to worship heaven and earth separately, for fear of angering the gods. The pair ppromptly split and went their separate ways. Earth getting its put on its northern border side of town at Ditan Park . In addition to building separate Temples of Heaven and Earth, Earth, Emperor Jiajing also commissioned the Temple from the Sun (Ritan Park ) inside the east with the city, and also the Temple from the Moon (Yuetan Park ) in the west. The emperor accustomed to worship the God with the Sun at Pirtan on the spring equinox and the God from the Moon at Yuetan of the autumn equinox. The Temple of Heaven was always the largest and many importanti from the four temples.

Just north from the round altar is among the parks architectural marvels, the Echo Wall ( Huiyinbi). The 65-mette diameter curved wall is meant to enable a whisper traveling clearly from at a time to another, although it is hared to demonstrate as it is usually blocked by hoards of tourists. Tongues of all the corner of the earth, all asking exactly the same question' Is it possible to hear me?'

Bouncing back to the Echo Wall,just outside the gate with the Imperial Vault of Heaven would be the Three Echo Stones. In the event you speak facing the vault, while standing on the initial stone, you may hear one echo; standing on the next you may hear two as well as on the 3rd stone, you may hear three. It functions better with clapping.

Standing around the centre from the area enclosed by echo wall will be the Imperial Vault of Heaven, an octagonal tower whose golden top and blue foof reflect the architecture of the Hall of Prayer permanently Harvest. This brick and timber structure have also been integrated 1530 and utilized to keep 'Memorial Tablets of the Gods' stone tablets which are used in the winter solstice seremony.

Connecting the tower using the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest is the vermilion Steps Bridge , a sacered way tilted upwards on the northern end because it was thought it literally acted as a highway to heaven.

China considered that oddnumbers were auspicious, that nine was best since it was the highest single-digit odd number. The entire altar continues to be built while using geometry from the number nine; there are nine rings of nine blocks of stone about the terraces. Flights of nine steps and nine balustrades. In the event you stand at the part of the center of the terrace-every word you speak will amplified nine times prior to it going directly approximately heaven. This, needless to say, was the area that was reserved for the Emperor's thone during ceremonies because it was considered to be at the exact center of the middle kingdom, making it the centre of earth and a direct portal to heaven.

The palace of abstinence (Chai Gong) stands towards the west of the north-south axis that runs between the Altar of Heaven as well as the Hall of Prayer once and for all Harvest. Around the eve from the winter solstice the Emperor accustomed to spend a celibate night here fasting and forgoing the pleasures of the flesh. The next moring however emerge cleansed. Dressed up in his ceremonial robes, able to offer animal. Grain and silk sacrifices in the beginning light.

The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest is among Beijing 's most widely used postcards, since it is this beautiful round building that most people keep company with the Temple of Heaven . The hall is definitely an architectural marvel, built entirely from wood in 1420. The 38 metre tall, 30 metre diameter structure has three blue- tiled roofs and stands atop three marble tiers.

In the Hall are 28 huge posts; The 4 along the inner circle represent the four seasons; the 12 along the middle circle represent the Yr; as well as the 12 over the outer circle represent the 12 months; as well as the 12 along the outer circle represent 12 Shichen , the two-hour very long periods by which each day was split into

The inner is stunning, emblazoned with rich colours along with a huge dragon painted about the ceiling. The main reason your building looks so new, is because it is definitely just over a century old. In 1889 a bolt of lightning struck the top of the temple, sparking a hearth that engulfed the complete building. The building was rebuilt exactly to the original Ming Dynasty plans. The reason related to causing this disaster is fairly laughable. It absolutely was decreed the lightning struck a sacrilegious caterpillar which in fact had just reached the golden ball towards the top of the tower. Thhirty two court officials were offer death for allowing such a thing to happen.

Today the temple of Heaven Park is alive with individuals playing cards, waltzing to music blaring from small stereos, playing instruments, practicing their Beijing Opera or simply sitting smoking a pipe. The park is a good destination to find out how retired individuals the local population spend their time.


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